We have to remember that what we observe is not nature herself, but nature exposed to our method of questioning. –Werner Heisenberg
Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle not only earned him the Nobel Prize in physics in 1932 but it also kicked logical positivism out of the halls of academia.  In the research setting, Heisenberg’s discovery meant that the observer was no longer a neutral and external part of the experiment.  With the very act of measuring, the individual influenced the experiment.
The truth behind this scientific discovery is what drew me to Action Research.  We began our journey with not only the awareness that our participation would influence the outcome of our inquiry but the purposeful intention to make it so. Action Research inspired a dual commitment to collaborate with others and co-produce a desirable direction of change.  For me, this interactive approach promoted a deeper understanding of the diverse, holistic and connected nature of reality.
A similar connection can be made regarding the concept of social entrepreneurship. Just as Action Research reaches beyond participatory observation, social entrepreneurship reaches beyond normative corporate ventures. Instead of placing the focus on maximizing profit for shareholders, the point of social entrepreneurship is the same as Action Research: collaborate with others and co-produce a desirable direction of change.
This comparative analysis was enlightening. Both concepts are context specific and value driven. With these understandings in place I now realize how their combination yields a synergistic effect with the potential to build a better reality for us all.

Intro > Literature Review > Cycle 1 > Cycle 2 > Cycle 3 > Reflection > Final Report > References > Cadre 12